​Historical context of classical music​


The classical music is divided in 4 periods, the first one goes from 1730 to 1760, the second goes from 1760 to 1775, the third one goes from 1775 to 1790, and the last one goes from 1790 to 1825.

FIRST PERIOD (1730 TO 1760)
At first the new style took Baroque forms like "da capo aria" and the "sinfonía", but composed with easier parts, more ornamentation and more emphatic division into sections.
However, over time, the new aesthetic caused into how pieces were put together, and basic layouts changed. Composers from this period sought dramatic effects, striking melodies, and clearer textures. The Italian composer Domenico Scarlatti was an important figure in the transition from Baroque to Classical. Another important break with the past was the radical overhaul of opera by Chtistoph Willibald Gluck.
This period was also called Galant, Rococo, pre-Classical and early Classical.

SECOND PERIOD (1760 TO 1775)
In the late 1750s there were flourishing centers of the new style in Italy, Vienna, Mannheim, and Paris. A lot of symphonies were composed and there were "bands" of players associated with theatres. Opera or other vocal music was the feature of most musical events, with concertos and "symphonies" serving as instrumental interludes and introductions for operas and church services.
Many consider this breakthrough to have been made by C.P.E. Bach, Gluck, and several others. In fact, C.P.E. Bach and Gluck are often considered to be founders of the Classical style.

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THIRD PERIOD (1775 TO 1790)
Haydn make some gifts to the music like his way of composing and his way of structuring his compositions.
A young composer called Mozart aplied his abilities to Haydn ideas and used it for the opera and the "viruoso concerto". Instead of make like Haydn that was a court composer, Mozart wanted public concerts in cities.
During 1781 population think that mozart and haydn were the most important composers.
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FORTH PERIOD (1790 TO 1825)
During the 1790s, there emerged of a new generation of composers borned in the 1770s, this generation was inspired by the compositions of mozart and haydn.
One of this composers war Beethoven, that reached his highest poin with his fifth sinfony called also the "heroica".
The crucial differences with the previous wave can be seen in the downward shift in melodies, increasing durations of movements, the acceptance of Mozart and Haydn as paradigmatic, the greater use of keyboard resources.
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HERE ARE THE QUESTIONS
1.-How long did the Classic music period lasted?
From 1730 to 1825
From 1720 to 1850
From 1740 to 1830
From 1760 to 1800
2.-Classicism sought to…
Emulate the ideals of Classical antiquity
Emulate only the ideals of ancient Greece
Emulate only the ideals of ancient Rome
Emulate the ideals of the past
3.-Who became the primary patron of instrumental music?
The nobility
The younger generation of students
The mid-social class
The poor
4.-Classical music is mainly…
Homophonic
More complex than Baroque music
Less complex than Baroque music
Longer than Baroque music
5.-Who are considered the founders of the classical style?
C.P.E. Bach and Gluck
Scarlatti and Mozart
Gluck and Mozart
C.P.E. Bach and Mozart
6.-Who was the first great master of this new style?
Joseph Haydn
Scarlatti
Gluck
Mozart
7.-Who overshadowed Joseph Haydn?
Mozart and Beethoven
Mozart
Beethoven
Scartatti
8.-What´s the name of Beethoven´s 3rd Symphony?
Eroica
Rittuendo in E sharp
Consecration of the house Overture
Missa Solemnis
9.-What does Eroica mean?
Heroic
Heroes
Great
Music (to honor that which he could no longer hear)
10.-In what language is Eroica?
Italian
French
German
Greek